"Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path". Ps 119:105
THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST
The word RESURRECTION means 'rising up from the dead'. It is translated from the Greek word 'anastasis' in the New Testament which means 'rising up' or 'standing again'.
The resurrection of Jesus from the grave is an undeniable fact of history. The death and resurrection of Jesus Christ is the focal point of the whole purpose of God with the human race. The Christian faith is built round it, Christianity exists upon the basis of Christ's resurrection from the dead. This was the driving force in the lives of the disciples in the 1st century A.D.
Main Topic of the Apostles' Teaching
When the apostles chose another to take the place of Judas, they chose one, Matthias, who they said must be 'a witness with us of his (Christ's) resurrection' (Acts 1 v 22).
The apostles were imprisoned because 'they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead' (Acts 4 v 2).
Paul was put on trial over the question of, 'the hope and resurrection of the dead' (Acts 23 v 6; Acts 24 v 21).
The letters of the New Testament are full of teaching about the resurrection of Jesus and its importance for all of us. This was emphasized by the apostle Paul when he said:
Why Did God Raise Jesus?
Earlier lessons have shown the work of Jesus as a sacrifice for sin (Hebrews 9 v 26). Study 4 explained how Adam brought sin and death to mankind by his disobedience to God's commands. In contrast, Jesus kept all God's commandments and lived a perfect life. Study 6 dealt with this.
The death of Jesus, however, could have no force at all as an effective sacrifice, if he had not been raised from the dead. Jesus, 'made of a woman, made under the law,' (Galatians 4 v 4) came under the same condemnation of death that we have inherited from Adam. He personally was free from sin, therefore death could not hold him, 'death hath no more dominion over him' (Romans 6 v 9).
God's Love and Justice
The righteous principles of God could not allow such a man, who had perfectly kept His laws, to remain subject to the law of sin and death. The apostle Peter tells us:
Study 3 showed how it was through the absolute justice of God as well as through His love for man that Jesus rose from the dead:
Was Resurrection a New Belief in the First Century A.D?
We learn from the Bible that a rising again from the dead was the hope of the faithful in the ages before the time of Jesus. This is why Jesus said:
Peter quoted the words of David, King of Israel:
David also said, :
The Resurrection - a Fulfilment of God's Promises
As Study 5 pointed out, Abraham and David expected to be raised from the dead to enjoy the promises of God. They were not alone in this hope. Job said:
Daniel was told that:
The apostle Paul confirmed that this was the hope of those before Jesus:
Christ the First to Rise to Everlasting Life
The Bible clearly shows that Jesus was the first to rise from the dead to immortality. Paul wrote:
Is Resurrection the Only Hope of Immortality?
The life and immortality that Jesus has brought to light is the hope of a raising up from the dead, to stand on the earth.
Peter declared plainly that, 'David is not ascended into the heavens' (Acts 2 v 34). We have seen that this was not David's hope. God had promised that he would see Christ sitting on His (David's) throne in Jerusalem. (Acts 2 30).
As Paul explained in his speech in Athens, referred to in Study 7, the resurrection of Jesus from the dead was an assurance from God that Christ would rule the world in righteousness, at an appointed date in the future (Acts 17 v 31).
Resurrection - the True Hope
Martha was a follower of Jesus. We can see clearly her hope of a future life. When her brother Lazarus died, Jesus said to her:
Will All Be Raised?
The scriptures tell us that, 'The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord' (Romans 6 v 23).
Those who do not seek God or who have no desire to serve Him, or understand His purpose through Jesus Christ, will not obtain the gift of God. The Bible plainly teaches that:
Proper Understanding Necessary
In contrast to those statements, Jesus gives us hope by saying, 'This is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent' (John 17 v 3).
If we want to become related to God's purpose we must have understanding. We must know the true God and possess a proper understanding of His Word. With this knowledge and a belief of the truth of these matters, we can take the next step of BAPTISM into Christ which will be dealt with fully in Study 11. Paul points out the importance of baptism to the true believer who wants to obtain resurrection:
Christ the First to Rise - Others to Follow
Jesus was the first to rise from the dead to immortality. We read again, 'Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept' (asleep in the grave [ 1 Corinthians 15 v 20]).
The first fruits are the first results of the harvest, a sign of many more good things to come. Paul uses this figure of the harvest to show the order of resurrection:
Second Coming of Christ to Raise the Dead
The second coming of Christ is bound up with the resurrection in the last days. Paul wrote of, 'Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick (living) and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom' (2 Timothy 4 v 1).
Paul also wrote:
Resurrection and Judgment
When Daniel was told that, 'many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake', he was also told that, 'some' would 'awake' to 'everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt' (Daniel 12 v 2). This speaks of the assembling together of the raised and those living at the return of Christ for judgment and of the possibility of rejection by Jesus. Jesus taught the same:
All responsible people (those with knowledge) must appear at the judgment seat of Jesus Christ. Those who trust in God, with a knowledge of His love and mercy, who have tried to please Him and follow the example of His beloved Son will, in the mercy of God, receive the gift of eternal life in that day.
Jesus speaks to all of us when he says, 'I am the resurrection, and the life, he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live' (John 11 v 25).
To get to know God's word properly we need to read the Bible for ourselves.
Study 10 Questions
These are for you to answer for yourself if you wish, or you can note the correct answer to each question and send via email to: Bible Light Please give the number of the study that you are sending the answers for.