Period: 520 B.C.
Title: The English, Hebrew, Greek and Latin versions all name this book after Haggai, the prophet whose ministry is recorded in the book. The name Haggai means "Festal" (i.e. relating to one of the Jewish feasts).
Summary: Haggai writes to the few Jews who have returned to Judah from the captivity in Babylon. He exhorts them to "consider their ways" and to complete the Temple whose foundation had been laid eighteen years before. The people responded and the Temple was completed in 516 B.C. Haggai further pronounces that the pagan empires will be overthrown by God and Judah will be elevated during the time of the Messiah.
A message to arouse: Chapter 1:1-11
A message to commend: Chapter 1:12-15
A message to encourage: Chapter 2:1-9
A message to confirm: Chapter 2:10-19
A message to assure: Chapter 2:20-23